10 Smallest Countries in the World By Area
With over 194 countries in the world, it’s easy to think the world “country” equates to a massive land area with large numbers of people. Some nations are so small that cities within other nations are giants compared to them. Mostly found in Europe. The top 10 smallest countries in the world cover a total area of 1491.4 km² which is smaller than the area of the city of Houston, Texas (1625.2 km²)
With their very own government and own culture, these small countries are some of the richest, most remote, and most intriguing places in the world. Let’s take a look at the 10 smallest countries in the world today:
Top 10 Smallest Countries in the World By Area
10. Malta – 316 km²
Malta is another island country, and is located in the Mediterranean Sea. The Republic of Malta is really comprised of three islands: Gozo, Comino, and Malta, which is the biggest of the three. This small country has a population of over 450,000 inhabitants, making it one of the most thickly populated countries on the planet. Another popular tourist destination, foreigners from everywhere throughout the world come to Malta for its sunny weather, attractive beaches, rich history, and energetic nightlife. Malta is made up of 116 squared kilometers, which puts it at number ten of the world’s smallest countries.
9. Maldives – 300 km²
A popular tourist destination in the Indian Ocean, the Maldives is the smallest country in Asia in terms of area and population. There are more than 1,192 coral islands in the Maldives, which are spread over 90,000 sq.km, making it one of the world’s most scattered countries. The country was once the colony of many empires, the Portuguese, the Dutch, and the British, however become an independent country in 1965. Today, the Maldives has a energetic tourism economy because of its famous white sand beaches and crystal blue waters. The Maldives are the world’s ninth smallest country with a land area that estimates a total of 300 kilometers squared.
8. Saint Kitts and Nevis – 261 km²
The Mother Colony of the West Indies, these 2 islands in the Caribbean were some of the first islands to be occupied by Europeans. They occupy a total of 261 kilometers squared, which makes Saint Kitts and Nevis the world’s eighth smallest country. Its economy is dependent on tourism, agriculture, and small manufacturing industries. The islands also provide fabulous diving sites because of abundant marine life. A major sugar exporter for centuries, the large plantations are now beautiful estates that have been converted into hotels and resorts.
7. Marshall Islands – 181 km²
The Marshall Islands, which is formally called the Republic of the Marshall Islands, is an island country that can be found in the Pacific Ocean, approximately halfway between the US State of Hawaii and the landmass of Australia. It is considered to be part of Micronesia. The area surrounded the islands are incredibly bio-diverse, and include over 800 types of fish as well as 160 of coral. The area around the Marshall Islands also hosts a number of shipwrecks. With 181 square kilometers, the Marshall Islands are the world’s seventh smallest country.
6. Liechtenstein – 160 km²
A German speaking country, this is the only nation in the world to be totally located in the Alps. Located between Switzerland and Austria, Liechtenstein is the richest country on the world by GDP per capita, with the least unemployment rate (1.5%). Getting into the country is a little tricky, as there is no airport within its borders. Visitors must experience Switzerland’s Zurich Airport to reach this Alpine country that’s still ruled by a prince! With 160 square kilometers, Liechtenstein is the world’s 6th smallest country.
5. San Marino – 61 km²
Surrounded completely by Italy, San Marino is also known as the Most Serene Republic of San Marino. With a total of 61 square kilometers, it is the fifth smallest country in the world. It claims to be the oldest surviving sovereign state on the planet, and is also one of the wealthiest in terms of GDP per capita. The third smallest country in Europe, it has a population of only 30,000, boasting of one of the lowest unemployment rates in the world.
4. Tuvalu – 26 km²
Formerly known as the Ellice Islands, Tuvalu is located in the Pacific Ocean northeast of Australia. With a total of 26 square kilometers, Tuvalu is the fourth smallest country in the world. There are about 10,000 inhabitants, with 8 km of roads, and just a one hospital present on the main island. The country was once a British territory yet became independent in 1978. Because of the country’s location further afield, tourism isn’t very significant. In 2010, less than 2,000 visitors came to Tuvalu, with 65% of them coming to business.
3. Nauru – 21 km²
An island nation located east of Australia, Nauru is the smallest island country on the planet. It was known during the 1980s for its booming phosphate mining yet is currently a quiet island off the radar of tourists. Formerly known as Pleasant Island, its phosphate resources are currently depleted, leading to a 90% national unemployment rate, with the remaining 10% employed by the government. Nauru is also known as the country with the most obese people in the world, with 97% of its men and 93% of women being obese or overweight. Because of this, Nauru is additionally home to the world’s highest level of type 2 diabetes, with 40% of its population suffering from the ailment. Nauru has a total of 21 square kilometers, which makes it the world’s third smallest country.
2. Monaco – 2 km²
Located on the French Riviera, Monaco is home to the biggest number of millionaires and billionaires in the world per capita. It is also the world’s second smallest country, with just 2 square kilometers in total land area. Known for its gambling and luxury products and services industry, Monaco is a favorite playground of the rich and famous. Bordered by France on three sides and on one side by the Mediterranean Sea, the residents of Monaco are generally French speaking. With a population of over 36,000, Monaco is the world’s most thickly populated country. The most popular yearly event is the Formula 1 race, with tracks passing through the city streets.
1. Vatican City – 0.44 km²
The world’s smallest country is the Vatican, also known as the Holy See. With just 0.44 squared kilometers, Vatican City is the world’s smallest country by land area. This country fits entirely within the Italian capital city of Rome, and is the center of the Catholic Church. It is also home to the largest church in the world St. Peter’s Basilica, which holds some of the most significant art work of the Renaissance, for example, The Pieta and the Creation of Adam. Its income comes from the voluntary contributions of over 1 billion members from the Roman Catholic Church around the world. The remainder of its economy comes from the sales of postage stamps, tourist mementos, and admission fees of museums.