The Ninth Imam Muhammad Ibn Ali al Taqi al Jawad as: Born in Madina, tenth Rajab 195 Hijri (12.4.811 AD). Kicked the bucket in Baghdad Iraq 29th Zeeqad 220 Hijiri (27.11.835, matured 25 years, Period of Imamate 17 years.
At the season of the passing of Imam ‘Ali Al-Raza’ (as) our ninth Imam was just 9 years of age. A few people from among the supporters of Ahlul Bayt and others, questioned Imam’s qualification to end up Imam at this youthful age. Kulaini in his Kafi relates that the Mutawalli of the Holy Ka’aba addressed Imam for a few days before he was fulfilled and acknowledged him as the Imam of the Time.
The entire scene of the call for Imam ‘Ali Al-Raza’ (as) to Tus, and his arrangement as beneficiary clear to Mamun was a diversion played for political comfort to get the sensitivities and support of the Persians to recover his realm from his progression sibling Amin. When this was accomplished Mamun had the Imam harmed to get him out of his way.
However, the truth of the matter is that Mamun being the most learned among all the Abbasid rulers, knew that the group of the Prophet had an uncommon kind of information which ought to be valued and be referred to other individuals insofar as power stayed in Mamun’s grasp and his power stayed preeminent. This ended up clear when he landed in Baghdad successful.
He started a strategy of compromise with the Abbasid senior citizens and furthermore with the individuals who had tendencies towards the Ahlul Bayt of the Prophet. He reappointed Hassan ibn Sahl as Governor of Iraq who had transparently bolstered the reason for Ahlul Bayt. Ibn Sahl being an academic individual, co-worked liberally in the scholarly and social enthusiasm for the Emperor’s Court.
For despite the way that there was fighting and political disturbance every which way amid the rule of Mamun, the period stamps maybe the pinnacle of the oriental renaissance. There was the right to speak freely and articulation which brought about open talks on numerous issues which were taboos already.
Most critical for the life of Imam Muhammad Taqi (similar to) the way that Mamun’s favors towards the Ahlul Bayt did not stop due to their academic and scholarly way to deal with Islam. Albeit in the wake of landing in Baghdad Mamun supplanted the Hashemite Green shading to the dark shade of the Abbasids on banners and court dresses, despite everything he urged the intelligent people to take part in open dialogs about the idea of intensity and expert.
Undoubtedly he made that move as political need for he would not like to distance his Persian companions and supporters. For not just unmistakable companions of Ahlul Bayt were delegated to capable positions, yet specific open support was appeared to the group of the expired Imam ‘Ali Al-Raza’ (as).
One of the Imam’s siblings was managed at the yearly journey in Makka, and it was nevertheless a brief timeframe until the point when Mamun wedded his own particular girl Umme Fadhl to Imam Muhammad Taqi (as) According to Yakubi, Mamun presented to the husband one hundred thousand Dirhams, and stated, “Definitely I might want to be a granddad in the line of the Apostle of God and of ‘Ali Ibn Abi Talib (as).
The Imam gave this cash to the poor as opposed to spend it upon himself, which his better half Umme Fadhl, who was the girl of Mamun disliked at all and griped to her dad about this. Be that as it may, Mamun knew the methods for Ahlul Bayt, rejected her dissensions and advised her to live like the spouse of an Imam of the Ahlul Bayt of the Prophet.
The account of Mamun’s first gathering with the youthful child of Imam ‘Ali Al-Raza’ (as) is fascinating. At some point, when the youthful Imam was just nine years of age, the caliph Mamun went out chasing. The Imam was standing quietly by the street side where a few kids were playing. The caliphs escort came that way. Seeing the fighters of the caliph every one of the kids fled, however the youthful Imam stayed remaining at his place.
Taking note of this, Mamun halted his carriage and asked, “Young fellow, for what reason did you not flee like the other kids?”
The Imam answered smoothly, ” Neither had I carried out a wrongdoing, nor was I hindering the way. For what reason would it be a good idea for me to have fled or be anxious? What’s more, I additionally realize that you won’t cause any pointless inconvenience when your way isn’t blocked.”
Mamun was astonished with this develop answer and asked, ” What is your name?”
“Muhammad,” came the answer. Whose child would you say you are? asked Mamun. “Child of ‘Ali ibn Musa (as) .”
Mamun rode on. Amid his chase the bird of prey came back to him with a fish in its nose. Mamun was astounded. He returned back toward the city. By and by, he discovered kids playing on a similar spot, who fled seeing the caliph’s warriors, aside from this young fellow who said he was Muhammad child of ‘Ali ibn Musa (as) who remained where he seemed to be.
Mamun concealed the fish in his palm, halted his carriage close to the Imam and stated, “Let me know, what is there in my clench hand?” The Imam answered, “God made mists amongst earth and sky. The falcons of rulers some of the time get angle from that point and convey it to the Kings. They shroud it in their clench hand and solicit a part from the Ahlul Bayt of the Prophet, “Reveal to me what is there in my clench hand.”
Mamun stated, ” Truly, you are the commendable child of Imam ‘Ali Al-Raza’ (as) (Bihar-al Anwar ,Majlisi). Mamun took the youthful Imam with him, and let him live in a close-by house by the Royal Palace.
It was amid this stay of the ninth Imam adjacent that Mamun had the shot of seeing him intently and picking up a knowledge into the scholarly capacities of this devout family.
Mamun met numerous gatherings amid this period in which numerous intelligent people and researchers collected with a specific end goal to tune in and gain from the Young Imam. Mamun told the Abbasid order that Imam ‘Ali Al-Raza’s’ child was no uncertainty a kid of youthful age, yet he had acquired his dad’s temperances and characteristics in full.
The educated researchers of the Islamic world couldn’t contend with him. On the off chance that they questioned, they could put the youthful Imam under a magnifying glass. This answer, however completely said jokingly, added up to a test. Impulsed by Mamun’s insults they assented to judge the kid’s information in a challenge with the most learned expert at that point, to be specific Yahya ibn Aaktham.
Mamun assembled a superb get-together for this open challenge. There was tension to see this unequal match where a kid of Twelve was to challenge with the prepared and eminent Chief Justice of the Abbasid Empire. Individuals swarmed from each quarter. Students of history have recorded that separated from dignitaries and nobles, 900 seats were saved for researchers as it were. Mamun’s’ rule was portrayed as the brilliant time of learning.
Specialists of each exchange and calling amassed in that incredible capital from each side of the Empire. Mamun had a cover laid by the side of his royal position to situate Imam Muhammad Taqi (as) . Before him was obliged the Chief Justice Yahya ibn Aktham. There was a stick drop quiet among the group of onlookers who held up to hear the contentions.
Quiet was broken by Yahya who stated, ” Will His Majesty enable me to put a few inquiries to Imam Muhammad Taqi (as) Mamun answered, ” You may look for consent from the Imam himself.”
Yahya said to the Imam, ” Do you enable me to put a few inquiries to you?” “Indeed, you may” answered the Imam. Yahya started by making an inquiry, “What is compensation for a man who chases a diversion while he is wearing the journey clothing (‘Ahram).” The inquiry itself showed that Yahya thought little of the academic accomplishments of his adversary.
Tanked with the pride of position and learning, he suspected that the young fellow may well know about straightforward every day schedule issues of petition or fasting, however the likelihood that he may be absolutely insensible of the statutes of journey or of the compensation of sins or slip-ups submitted by an explorer never engaged his brain.
The shrewd youthful Imam was sufficiently sharp for the prepared enquirer. Rather than giving a general or a dubious answer, he broke down the distinctive parts of the issue so handily that the gathering of people quickly had a genuine gauge of the Imam’s learning and of Yahya’s shallow mindedness. Yahya too was astounded and felt embarrassed when the Imam tended to him in the accompanying way:
“Your inquiry is completely ambiguous and needs definition. You should first clear up whether the diversion killed was outside the blessed territory or inside it; regardless of whether the seeker knew about his transgression or did as such in numbness; did he kill the amusement deliberately or by botch, was the seeker a slave or a liberated individual, would he say he was grown-up or minor, did he confer the wrongdoing out of the blue or had he done as such previously, was the chased diversion a winged creature or something unique, would it say it was a little creature or a major one, is the heathen sad for the offense or does he demand it, did he kill it subtly during the evening or transparently amid sunlight, would he say he was putting on the journey clothing for Hajj or for the Umra? Except if you illuminate and characterize these angles, how might you have a clear answer?”
Whatever Yahya’s learning may have been, he was without a doubt a well-perused man in Jurisprudence. While the Imam was unfurling every such detail of the issue, he had judged that he was no counterpart for his cunning rival. His face lost shading and the crowd understood the circumstance well. His lips were fixed and he made no answer. Mamun completely surveyed his condition and thought it was futile to put any further weight on him.
He at that point asked for the Imam to explain every one of the parts of the inquiry. Yahya quiet and bewildered, looked at the Imam. In any case, Mamun was set on conveying the issue to the end. He along these lines asked for the Imam to put a few inquiries to Yahya in the event that he loved. The Imam at that point said to Yahya, ” May I make an inquiry? Frustrated, Yahya who currently had the genuine gauge of the Imam’s ability and had no misconception about his own value, said in a modest tone,”
Your beauty can ask, I will answer on the off chance that I can or I will get it fathomed by your own particular self.” Then the Imam put an inquiry in answer to which Yahya conceded his numbness. The Imam clarified it as well. Mamun’s happiness knew no limits. What he had affirmed worked out as expected.
Tending to the group of onlookers he stated, “Did I not reveal to you that the general population of the Ahlul Bayt of the Prophet have been skilled by God with boundless learning? None can adapt to even the offspring of this raised House.”
The fervor of the social occasion was extraordinary. All collectively shouted that Mamun’s figure was right and that the Imam Muhammad Taqi al Jawad (similar to) an incomparable individual. The Emperor at that point thought it fitting to wed his little girl to Imam there and after that.
The Imam himself recounted the marriage Khutba. This address (Khutba) turned out to be famous to the point that as a recognition, it has been recounted at weddings wherever all through the Muslim world from that point onward. Over joyed at this favorable event Mamun showed his full liberality, giving endlessly millions in philanthropy to poor people.
At the point when the general population left and a couple of the squires remained including the Chief Justice Yahya ibn Akhtham, Mamun requested that the Imam reveal to them the law concerning the viewpoints into which the slaughtering of the creature was finished by a Muhrim. (Which means an explorer in Aahram)
“Truly,” answered the Imam. ” If he had murdered the creature outside the consecrated ground and it was winged and expansive ,a compensation of sheep would have been essential for him. In the event that he had struck it down in the asylum, the punishment expected of him would be multiplied.
On the off chance that he executed a youthful fowl outside the consecrated ground, at that point the expiation of a sheep which had been weaned off drain would have been expected of him. On the off chance that he had slaughtered it in the asylum, at that point he would have been required to forfeit a sheep and the estimation of the youthful flying creature. Concerning wild creatures, on the off chance that it was a wild ass, he would have been required to forfeit a bovine.
In the event that it was an ostrich, the forfeit of a camel would be fundamental. In the event that it had been a deer, at that point a sheep would have been fundamental. On the off chance that he had murdered any of those in the haven, the punishment would have been multiplied. Imam kept on depicting all roads of punishments for the Muhrim to the surprise of the crowd.” ( Al Irshad by Mufid) “You have done well Abu Jaafar and God has enhanced you,” said Mamun to him.
The Ninth Imam Muhammad Ibn Ali al Taqi al Jawad as
Character and Virtues
Imam Muhammad Taqi (as) involved the most astounding position in human ideals and good fulfillments as this was the checked element of the Prophet’s family. It was standard for the Imam to meet everybody submissively, satisfy the requirements of poor people, keep up Islamic imperatives of uniformity and straightforwardness, help the poor covertly, treat even adversaries reasonably, expand cordiality, give genuine Islamic information to all and uncommonly to the researchers of religion and such, denoted his righteous life-in full congruity with different individuals from this sacrosanct arrangement of dependable Imams.
Ordinary citizens who couldn’t value such statures of good magnificence, may have thought the new relationship, i.e. to wind up child in-law of the most powerful ruler of his chance, must impact the example of life of the Imam and change his behavior by and large.
Mamun as well, may have thought on similar lines since mysticism which was the main normal for this family was against the acts of common rulers. One might say that neither the Ummayads nor the Abbasids had any close to home resentment against the Prophet or his family, the Ahlul Bayt, yet they were at war with the ethical measures set by them.
They constantly attempted to annihilate the focal point of good greatness and human qualities which was appeared as the polar star of perfect otherworldly flawlessness, eclipsing their regal radiance.
Keeping in mind the end goal to maintain their imperialistic and rich standards of life, these rulers needed to get rid of these genuine holy people who showed exemplary nature, sympathy, confidence, devotion, club and equity as the primary lessons of Islam. Yazid’s request of submission from Imam Hussain (as) or Mamun’s arrangement of Imam ‘Ali Al-Raza’ (as) as his beneficiary obvious were two distinct parts of a similar want.
The strategies were extraordinary however the end object was the same. Imam Hussain (as) did not bow to pay tribute, so he was killed in the combat zone. Imam ‘Ali Al-Raza’ (as) did not serve the reason for Abbasid dominion, so he was quieted with poison.
Mamun, nonetheless, accepting it as an incredible chance to serve his target to benefactor the Imam who was just a young fellow. The political shrewdness recommended that it would be far less demanding to cast a young fellow into the coveted shape and therefore it is conceivable to annihilate the focal point of the Prophet’s lessons in Madina or somewhere else in the Islamic world which, albeit working quietly, was hazardous to the imperialistic plans of the direct opposite called Muslim Monarchy.
Almost certainly Imam ‘Ali Al-Raza’ (as) did not fit in with Mamun’s plans, or to his wants, however this couldn’t disillusion him. Imam Raza’s’ develop mindset and straightforward lifestyle couldn’t be changed.
Be that as it may, there was the expectation that more likely than not a man of a delicate youthful age, who was raised in the lavish air of a Royal Palace would develop into a yearning fun sovereign, through and through against his tribal ways and perspectives.
Except for a couple of illuminated people, everyone would think on similar lines. In any case, the world stood startled to see that the youthful child in-law of the most recognized ruler of his chance declined to remain in the illustrious castle and lived rather in a little house, subsequently keeping up the Islamic estimations of excellence and morals of a basic and humble life.
It is generally observed that if the lady’s kin are similarly rich, they wish that the prepare may live with them, if not in a similar house, at any rate in a similar town and in a place of a similar standard.
The Will intensity of the Imam can be judged from the way that he lived in a different abiding and of an unassuming standard in Baghdad. Following one year when Mamun understood that the Imam was not satisfied with remaining in Baghdad, he enabled the couple to go to live in Madina.
On his arrival to Madina the Imam kept up the same genealogical unimposing conduct: no body protects, no grandeur, no confinements on individuals meeting him, no meeting occasions, and no victimizations anybody meeting the Imam and gaining from him.
He invested the vast majority of his day energy sitting in the Mosque of the Prophet where Muslims came to profit from his insight and lecturing. The storytellers of Hadith and different understudies of philosophy came to enquire about religious sciences and the Imam guided them by clarifying each confused issue. All the world saw that Imam Ja’far Sadiq’s successor, situated on a similar tangle, was directing the general population towards devotion which was the lobby characteristic of Islam.
Imam Muhammad Taqi (as) enabled a similar measure of opportunity to his better half Umme Fadhl and forced indistinguishable confinements on her from his precursors had done on account of their spouses. He couldn’t have cared less much about the way that Umme Fadhl was a princess.
In spite of the fact that she lived with him, he wedded another woman who was a relative of Ammare Yasir. God had expected to proceed with the line of Imamate through her and she brought forth Imam ‘Ali Naqi (as) the tenth Imam.
Imam Muhammad Taqi’s discourse was exceptionally beguiling and powerful. Once amid the Hajj season he tended to a social event of the travelers and expressed rules of the Divine Law of Sharia’a. The group of onlookers included educated researchers who conceded that they had never heard such a persuasive and exhaustive discourse.
Numerous researchers came to take in the lessons of Ahlul Bayt. An accumulation of brief and savvy maxims is likewise left by the Imam, taking after the insight of his progenitor Imam ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (as) Some significant talks on philosophy and monotheism are additionally amazingly.
Mamun passed on in 218 Hijri (833 AD). For whatever length of time that he experienced no mischief went to the Imam. Mamun was prevailing by his sibling Mu’taman, the second beneficiary evident after Imam ‘Ali Al-Raza’ (as) . He came to be known as Al-Mu’tasim billah Abbasi.
His niece Umme Fadhl currently started to keep in touch with him grumbling more than she did amid the rule of her dad on the grounds that Mamun constantly dismissed her objections. Be that as it may, Mu’tasim was desirous of Imam ‘Ali Al-Raza’ (as) from the earliest starting point. He had likewise restricted the marriage of Umme Fadhl to Imam Muhammad Taqi (as) .
Al-Mu’tasim currently got an opportunity to settle his disparities in this issue. Imam Muhammad Taqi’s (as) notoriety as an extraordinary researcher and the steady assembling of individuals around him and additionally the acclaim of his reality fame honorable character irritated him.
The disappointment of the political strategies as well, escalated his hatred. Every one of these elements aggravated him into ill will. In the second year of his rule he called the Imam from Madina to Baghdad, requesting his Governor in Madina explicitly about it. Imam was constrained to set out for Baghdad leaving his child ‘Ali ibn Muhammad (Naqi) with his mom in Madina.
For one year after the Imams’ landing in Baghdad, Mu’tasim did not do anything. He was trusting that the Imam would fit in with the Royal methods for living and afterward this would be a wellspring of ignominy for the Ahlul Bayt. Yet, when he understood that the man was ending up more well known in Baghdad with his academic talks with the researchers there, he needed to act to stop this as the entirety of his predecessors did before him and utilize the quiet weapon of toxic substance to dispose of that thistle in his heart.
The Imam kicked the bucket of toxic substance on the 29th of Zeeqa’ad 220 Hijiri (24.11.835 AD). He was covered by the side of his granddad Imam Musa ibn Ja’far. It is a direct result of the two Imam’s who were renowned for their concealment of outrage that the place was called Kazemain, the two Kazims, the persisting ones.
All Sayyids known as Razavi are really Taqawi. Imam Raza’ (as) had no child other than Imam Muhammad Taqi. Had he different children then the Imam Muhammad Taqi then their posterity ought to have been called Razavi Sayyids. Be that as it may, as Imam Raza’ (as) came to Iran and kicked the bucket in Tus numerous relatives of his child Imam Muhammad Taqi were additionally called Razavis.
One well known saying of the ninth Imam Muhammad Taqi al Jawad (as) takes after:
Somebody solicited, “was the Messenger from God Muhammad ibn Abdullah an ignorant.” Imam answered, “No, the Messenger of God knew 72 dialects in which he could read, compose and talk.”
Somebody got some information about the Angels. What are they? The Imam answered, ” They are the forces of God that direct the Universe.”