The Tenth Imam Ali Ibn Muhammad Al Naqi Al Hadi as: Born in Madina fifth Rajab 214 Hijri ( 8.9.829 AD). Kicked the bucket in Samarrah, Iraq third Rajab 254 Hijri (1.7.868) matured 40 years. Time of Imamate 34 years.
The time of Imamate of our tenth Imam harmonized with the decrease of the intensity of the Abbasid Empire. They were undermined by the Turks and needed to move the Capital from Baghdad to Samarrah. He was just 6 years of age when his dad Imam Muhammad Taqi (as) was martyred in Baghdad when harmed by Mu’tasim Billah Abbasi.
Our Imam lived in Madina for the rest of the 8 long stretches of the rule of Mu’tasim and 5 long stretches of the rule of Wathiq Billah. It was when Mutawakkil moved toward becoming caliph in 236 Hijiri (847 AD) the Imam was brought over to the Abbasid capital Baghdad. Mutawakkil, was the cruelest and destructive foe of the Ahlul Bayt (as) , who endeavored to suffocate the Grave of Imam Hussain (as) in Karbala‘ by occupying the waters of the Euphrates River.
In any case, by a supernatural occurrence the stream water enclosed the grave and did not go over it disregarding the way that the encompassing ground was higher. At the point when the Caliph flopped in his activity of suffocating the grave he requested that the entire territory ought to be transformed into farmland yet when steeds neglected to take the furrow over the grave, he understood his habit.
In the end he cleared out the sacrosanct ground as it was however as long as he lived he restricted any journey to the Shrine of Imam Hussain (as) . History discloses to us that explorers to the grave of Sayyidush Shohada (as) continueed to go disregarding the threat to their lives. In fact many were executed on their way to the Shrine however the excitement to visit the grave never died down.
It was amid the rule of Mutawakkil that our tenth Imam was conveyed to the nearness of the Caliph from Madina to Baghdad. Yakubi writes in his history of the time that once the attacking party of warriors found the Imam on his petition tangle and took him away to the caliph in a similar state. Mutawakkil was occupied with his daily drinking and skips and requested that the Imam go along with him. Imam declined answering, “An alcohol, for example, that was never yet joined with my fragile living creature and blood”.
The half-alcoholic caliph requested that the Imam read some verse. Imam said that he didn’t enjoy such propensities. Be that as it may, when the caliph demanded, the Imam recounted the accompanying lines (Ibn Khalikan portrayed the story word for word).
“Secured by valiant warriors they passed the night on the summit of their mountains yet these mountains did not ensure them. After the entirety of their capacity and grandeur they needed to plunge from their grandiose posts to the care of the tombs. O’what an awful change their graves had scarcely gotten them when a voice heard shouting, “Where are the positions of royalty and the crowns and the robes of State?
Where are presently the characteristics of the fragile, which were shaded by cloak and ensured by window ornaments. To this the tomb answered. The worms are currently delighting upon these countenances. Long were these men eating and drinking, yet now they are eaten by the worms in their turn.”
Many sobbed tuning in to these words articulated by the Imam. Caliph allowed the Imam to sit unbothered for some time, yet at the same time held him under house capture. At last Mutawakkil kicked the bucket in the hands of his defenders, the Turkish watchmen, and his child Muntasir turned into the following caliph.
Mutawakkil kicked the bucket in 250 Hijiri and Muntasir Billah accepted the caliphate. He administered just a half year. On his passing Musta’een was enthroned. In any case, soon he was likewise decapitated and prevailing by Mu’ta’z Billah. This time our tenth Imam was either in Madina, or called by the Caliph to Samarrah where he spent the most recent long stretches of his life under house capture.
The Tenth Imam Ali Ibn Muhammad Al Naqi Al Hadi as
Hardships Suffered by the Imam During This Period
Caliph Mu’tasim stayed engrossed with war against the Byzantines and furthermore with the inconveniences made by the Abbasids tribesmen in Baghdad. In any case, he didn’t badger the Imam who conveyed his obligations calmly. After Mu’tasim, Wathiq Billah as well, treated the Imam decently. Be that as it may, later when he was prevailing by his sibling Mutawakkil, child of Mu’tasim, the time of mistreatment and torments started in full scale for the Imam and for all individuals from his family. This ruler surpassed every one of his forerunners in bearing hostility towards Ahlul Bayt.
Our tenth Imam’s primary occupation in Madina, at whatever point he was left in peace by the Caliphs in Baghdad, was to confer his insight to the general population. He pulled in understudies in expansive numbers from the regions where followers of Ahlul Bayt were most grounded, to be specific Iraq, Persia and Egypt.
Amid the Eight long periods of the Caliphate of Mu’tasim and all through the time of Wathik we don’t hear that the Imam was attacked. A standout amongst the most celebrated conventions he is said to have related, that had been composed in the Sahifa by the hand of ‘Ali Ibn Abi Talib (as) at the heading of the Apostle of God, and acquired by the Imams from age to age is connected.
It was that the Prophet had characterized confidence (Iman) as contained in the hearts of men, and that their works (A’amal) affirm it, though surrender (Islam) is the thing that tongue communicates which approves the association. (Masudi,Muruj’l Dhahab.V.vii p 382).
In spite of the fact that the individual of the Imam was not contacted by the overbearing caliphs for some time, they were dependably doubts about his exercises. Masudi describes one such event when our Imam was called by Mutawakkil who was not upbeat about the techniques for lessons in the schools in Madina.
Mutawakkil asked the Imam an inquiry. “What completes a relative of your dad need to state concerning Al-Abbas ibn Abdul Muttalib?” Imam replied, “What might a relative of my dad say O’Amir, as to a man whose children required his kin to comply, and who anticipated that his children would obey God.” Caliph was satisfied with this answer and let the Imam go.”
Also, in a similar association Masudi cites another occurrence, which Ibn Khalikan has joined in his portrayal of our tenth Imam ‘Ali Al-Hadi (as) “Mystery data had been given to Mutawakkil that the Imam had an amount of arms, books and different articles for the utilization of his supporters hid in his home, and being instigated by noxious reports he was persuaded that the Imam sought to the Empire.
When Mutawakkil sent a few warriors of the Turkish protect to break in on him when he minimum expected such a visit. They discovered him very alone, secured up his room, dressed in a hair shirt, his head secured with a woolen shroud and his face toward Makka. He was presenting Verses of the Qur’an expressive of God’s guarantees and dangers, and having no other cover amongst him and the earth than sand and rock.
He was carted away in that clothing, and acquired the profundity of the, prior night Mutawakkil. At the point when the caliph got some information about the arms and ammo discovered they stated, there was nothing in the house which exhibits a risk to the position of authority. The caliph was embarrassed about his wrongdoings and let the Imam go.
Amid the Sixteen long stretches of the Imamate, Imam ‘Ali Naqi (as) had turned out to be renowned all through the Islamic world. The individuals who wanted to take in the lessons of Ahlul Bayt dependably rushed around him. In the fourth year of Mutawakkil’s rule the Governor of Madina Abdallah ibn Hakim began bothering the Imam. He sent antagonistic reports against him to Baghdad.
He kept in touch with the Caliph that the Imam was amassing parcel of supporters here which could be a threat to the security of the State. Imam ended up mindful of this ill will and with a specific end goal to neutralize, he composed a letter to Mutawakkil clarifying the individual hatred of the Governor of Madina against him. As a political advance Mutawakkil rushed to expel the Governor. In the meantime he sent a regiment under the summon of Yahya ibn Harthama who disclosed to the Imam friendlily that the caliph wished him to remain in Baghdad for some time.
He would then be able to return to Madina. The Imam knew well the thought processes behind this demand. He understood that the obliging welcome implied his expulsion from his familial city. In any case, to decline to go was similarly inconceivable for it would have brought about persuasive flight. Leaving the consecrated city was excruciating to him as it had been for his regarded ancestors, i.e. the Imam Hussain (as) in 60 Hijri, Imam Musa ibn Ja’far in 170 Hijiri and Imam ‘Ali Al-Raza‘ in 200 Hijri and furthermore of his dad Imam Muhammad Taqi in 220 Hijri.
This sort of provocation had nearly turned into a legacy. Mutawakkil’s letter was deferential to the Imam and the military separation which was sent to escort the Imam was really a misleading show. So when the Imam achieved Samarrah and the Caliph was educated, he neither orchestrated any gathering no for his remain.
He was ordered to be suited in the wild of the city with poor people. Despite the fact that the Ahlul Bayt as the relatives of the Prophet were readily connected with poor people and the dejected, and they didn’t pine for rich living, Mutawakkil intended to affront the Imam. The Caliph him over to the authority of his Secretary Razaqi and disallowed his gathering with others. It was just about a house capture for the Imam.
It has been seen amid the detainment of Imam Musa ibn Ja’far (as) that his ethical appeal had diminished the brutal hearted watch’s states of mind towards the Imam. Similarly Razaqi was additionally inspired by the enormity of the Imam ‘Ali Naqi (as) and started to accommodate his solace.
This mercy couldn’t stay avoided Mutawakkil who exchanged the Imam to the care of Sa’id, a barbarous and savage man in whose detainment he put in twelve years. Despite every one of the hardships he needed to endure there, the Imam took a break in Ibadah.
He asked amid the night and fasted amid the day. Albeit restricted to the four dividers of the house in Samarrah, his notoriety spread quickly all through the Provinces of Iraq. Each family unit in the city of Samarrah appeared to know the whereabouts of the Imam and by one means or another they got information of Islam and of Ahlul Bayt from him.
Fadhl ibn Khaqan, a mystery supporter of Ahlul Bayt , had ascended to the post of Minister in the bureau of Mutawakkil exclusively by prudence of his scholarly and regulatory benefits. On his suggestion, Mutawakkil requested that the Imam’s detainment be changed to a house capture.
He conceded him a real estate parcel and enabled him to assemble a house and live there. Sa’id was coordinated to keep a nearby watch over the exercises of the Imam. His home was regularly hunt down subversive exercises however nothing was ever found.
Amid this period as well, Imam ‘Ali Naqi (as) set a splendid case of trust in God, disregarding all common increases. Regardless of changeless living arrangement in Samarrah, the Imam neither made a challenge to the Caliph, nor helped he ever request. The same adoring and loner like life that he drove amid his detainment was passed in this condition of house capture.
The despot changed his conduct yet the holy person had kept up his own. Indeed, even in such conditions he was not permitted to live calmly. His supporters were not permitted to approach him straightforwardly to pick up the genuine Islamic information from the Imam. However, he persevered through all hardships for offering information to all who looked for that from him. Mutawakkil realized that and proceeded with abusing the adherents of the Imam.
Another occasion of these pitiful occasions was similarly excruciating. Ibn as-Sakkit of Baghdad, the recognized researcher of etymology and punctuation, was guide of Mutawakkkil’s child. One day the coldblooded ruler asked him: “Are my two children more respectable than Hassan and Hussain?” Ibn Sakkit was a genuine devotee of Ahlul Bayt. On this inquiry he couldn’t control his emotions and straight answered, “Not to talk about Hassan and Hussain (as), Imam ‘Ali‘s slave Qamber is more respectable than both of your children”.
Hearing these words Mutawakkil was shocked and requested that Ibn Sakkit’s tongue ought to be cut off. The request was done quickly prompting the passing of the most magnificent craftsman of the time and a genuine supporter of Ahlul Bayt. Imam ‘Ali Naqi, was not himself physically associated with these occasions, but rather each of these was a like a blow of the sword not striking the neck but rather tormenting the spirit.
Mutawakkil’s savageries caused normal scorn and even his own youngsters set their hearts against him. One of them Al-Muntasir, planned with his slave Al-Rumi to kill his dad while he was snoozing utilizing his own particular sword, along these lines the world had a moan of help. The demise of the despot and the caliphate of al-Muntasir were announced. After the accepting of intensity, Al-Mustasir repudiated the out of line requests of his dad.
The Visiting of the Shrines of Najaf and Karbala were allowed with no limitations. The tombs got minor repairs. The Caliph’s direct towards Imam ‘Ali Naqi (as) was likewise reasonable. However, this current Caliph’s life was short and he kicked the bucket after a concise administer of just a half year. After him, Al-Musta’een too showed no abuse towards the Imam.
As expressed, Imam ‘Ali Naqi (as) had constructed a house in Samarrah and did not return to Madina both of his own through and through freedom or under the requests of these rulers. Because of his proceeded with remain there and the absence of impedance by the administration, the understudies, hungry for information, thronged around him to take in the lessons of Ahlul Bayt.
This frightened Al-Mu’taz so much that he chose to end the sacrosanct existence of the Imam. He masterminded through a few retainers to blend poison in his sustenance. The Imam passed on not long after in the wake of eating the toxic sustenance.
Imam ‘Ali Naqi’s lead and good magnificence were the same as those shown by every single individual from this hallowed house. Regardless of whether in Imprisonment, restriction or flexibility, for each situation these holy spirits were occupied with love and in helping poor people and the penniless.
Absolutely forgoing want, avarice and common aspirations, they lived honorable in adversity, managed genuinely even with their enemies. To help the penniless, were the characteristics denoting their lead. Similar temperances were reflected in the life of Imam ‘Ali Naqi (as) .
Amid detainment, the Imam had a grave uncovered prepared by the side of his petition tangle. A few guests communicated concern or amazement. The Imam clarified, ” with a specific end goal to recollect my end I keep the grave before my eyes.”
The Imam kicked the bucket in Samarrah, the memorial service was gone to just by his child Imam Hassan al Askari who drove the burial service supplications and orchestrated his entombment, letting him go in his home.